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Welding Certifications: How Long is Welding School Training?

Welding School Training

Welding is a versatile and in-demand skill that can open numerous career opportunities. If you’re considering pursuing a career in welding, one of the first questions you may have is, “How long is welding school training?”


The duration of welding school training can vary depending on your chosen educational route. Ultimately, the length of welding school training depends on the level of education you choose to pursue.


Whether you opt for a certificate program, an associate’s degree, or a bachelor’s degree, investing in formal training will provide you with the skills and knowledge needed for a successful career in welding.


How Long is Welding School Training?


Welding school training can vary in length depending on the level of education pursued. Certificate programs, which provide hands-on training and skill development, typically range from a few weeks to several months. These programs offer a faster route to entry-level positions in the welding industry.


It is important for individuals considering a career in welding to research and personalize their educational path. Career goals, desired skill levels, and time commitment should be considered when choosing the right program.


Whether a welding certificate program, associate’s degree, or bachelor’s degree, welding school training offers the necessary knowledge and hands-on experience to succeed in the welding industry.


What Types of Welding Do Welding Schools Teach?


Welding schools serve as educational institutions specializing in delivering the essential skills and knowledge for those passionate about welding and interested in pursuing a career within this industry. They offer various programs and structured courses, each catering to a broad range of welding techniques and practices.


The basis of each program is to provide fundamental welding classes. In these classes, students are taught the four primary welding processes, which include:


  • Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW): Also known as MIG (Metal Inert Gas) welding, this process can be semi-automatic or automatic. It uses a continuous wire feed as an electrode and an inert or semi-inert gas mixture to shield the weld from contamination.
  • Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW): This process, also known as TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) welding, involves using a non-consumable tungsten electrode to produce the weld.
  • Flux-Cored Arc Welding (FCAW): This semi-automatic or automatic arc welding process requires a continuously-fed consumable electrode containing flux and constant voltage.
  • Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW): Also referred to as ‘stick welding‘, this process uses a flux-coated consumable electrode to form the weld.

The ultimate goal of welding schools is to equip students with comprehensive skills enabling them to tackle the challenges of the welding industry, regardless of the material handled, whether it’s stainless steel or pipeline welding, or even mastering specialized techniques like gas tungsten arc welding.


How Long Does it Take to Become a Welder? 


Embarking on the path to becoming a welder involves a combination of learning and hands-on practice. The duration required to excel in this field can differ significantly based on the selected program type, degree level, and the learner’s degree of dedication and persistence.


Various programs cater to different career goals, durations, and depth of knowledge acquisition, all with a common aim: equipping aspiring welders with vital expertise and industry certifications to thrive professionally.


Type of Program


  • Trade School Programs: Generally taking 6 to 18 months, these programs focus on entry-level proficiency, hands-on training, and safety practices.
  • Apprenticeships: Applicable to those open to learning on the job, apprenticeships can span between 1 to 4 years.
  • Associate’s Degree: With a more in-depth curriculum, this degree requires approximately 2 years, enhancing career opportunities in the field.
  • Bachelor’s Degree: A specialized welding engineering degree takes about 4 years or more, setting graduates up for higher-level positions in the industry.

According to the Department of Labor Statistics, there are over 500,000 skilled welders working in the United States. As a rapidly growing field, the welding industry welcomes new talent constantly. Additionally, the American Welding Society (AWS) projects a need for around 488,000 new welders by 2028, reflecting the demand for well-trained professionals in this domain.


For more information, read our article: How Long does it take to become a welder?


The Advantages of Attending a Welding School


1. Comprehensive Training Provision


Welding schools prioritize delivering extensive training programs designed to endow students with the essential skills and expertise required to thrive in the welding industry. The experiential learning approach adopted by many schools facilitates hands-on experience, granting students a practical understanding of various welding methods and equipment usage.


2. Expert Mentorship and Guidance


Welding schools boast a team of experienced faculty members possessing in-depth knowledge and significant industry experience. The opportunity to learn under the tutelage of such skilled professionals offers a unique form of mentorship and guidance. This is particularly beneficial for students embarking on their welding journeys, as they can gain valuable insights and knowledge that would be otherwise difficult to acquire.


3. Career Progression Opportunities


Completion of a welding school program can significantly enhance career advancement prospects. Graduates often find themselves at an advantage, better positioned to secure more lucrative job opportunities. The rising demand for proficient welders has led to a competitive job market, making formal training and qualifications increasingly vital.


4. Welding Certifications


Welding schools frequently offer the opportunity to earn industry-specific certifications. These certifications serve as a testament to a welder’s proficiency and competency in particular welding techniques. Possessing these credentials can vastly improve job prospects, especially considering that many employers prioritize hiring certified welders.


Duration of Welding School Training


Exploring Your Welding Training Options | Types of Welding Schools


For aspiring welders, several types of welding schools with diverse programs are available. These schools provide wide-ranging options to match your unique needs and career goals.


Welding Trade Schools and Vocational Programs


Trade schools and vocational programs are excellent venues for individuals keen on stepping into the welding industry. They offer comprehensive, hands-on training in numerous welding techniques and help students garner the skills and certifications necessary for industry success.


Such programs often include specific welding training options. Pipe welding programs are one such example, focusing on welding techniques for pipes, critical in industries like oil and gas, construction, and manufacturing.


Specialty metals welding programs are another popular option, which involves training in materials such as stainless steel or aluminum. This specialized training prepares students to work with specific metals, in turn opening up opportunities in sectors like aerospace and automotive.


HVAC welding programs present yet another specialty option. These focus on welding techniques for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems, offering a solid foundation for careers in HVAC installation or repair.


Notable institutions offering these programs include Tulsa Welding School, Lincoln Electric Welding School, and Knight School of Welding. These schools are renowned for their quality training and track record in preparing students for thriving careers in welding.


Community Colleges


If a community college setting appeals to you for its structure and affordability, many such institutions offer welding programs. For instance, Cincinnati State Technical and Community College in Ohio offers a Welding Technology program. This program primes students for entry-level positions across welding fields over a two-year span.


Alternatively, Columbus State Community College, also in Ohio, provides an Associate of Applied Science degree in Welding Technology. This two-year program covers in-depth training in welding techniques, safety procedures, and design principles.


Online Courses


For those seeking flexible options, online welding courses aid in obtaining a welding certification from the comfort of home. These courses offer in-depth training in welding techniques, safety procedures, and welding design principles.


The prerequisites typically include a high-school diploma or GED, and some programs may require basic math and computer skills. The duration and cost of these programs vary, with courses ranging from a few weeks to several months, and costs from a few hundred dollars to several thousand.


While providing a solid theoretical foundation, online welding courses may have limitations concerning hands-on experience as welding is a practical skill requiring physical practice that can be challenging to replicate online.


Welding Technology Training Options


When it comes to acquiring new skills or enhancing existing ones in welding technology, there are diverse training options available. These options range from practical apprenticeship programs to more academic settings via certification programs.


The choice of program type depends on factors like preferred learning style, time availability, and the individual’s career trajectory. This document aims to aid aspiring welders in selecting the right fit based on their unique requirements and ambitions.


Apprenticeship Programs


Apprenticeship programs present a wonderful opportunity for hands-on learning and practical knowledge acquisition in welding. Usually lasting between three to four years, these programs allow participants to learn from and work alongside seasoned professionals, known as journeymen.


Apprentices benefit from one-on-one mentoring, enabling tailored instruction according to their learning needs. This supportive learning environment coupled with real-world application of knowledge, prepares apprentices to stride into their welding careers as competent professionals.


Welding Certification Programs


For those wanting to quickly delve into the welding industry, certificate programs offer immediate skills acquisition. As they typically have a shorter timeframe compared to degree programs, they are a great fit for those ready to begin their welding journey promptly.


The duration of these certificate programs can range from a few weeks to months, largely hinged on the specific school and program. Several schools provide accelerated programs for completion in a matter of weeks, while others offer detailed curriculums spanning a number of months.


While admission prerequisites can vary across schools, commonly a high school diploma or equivalent is expected. Some institutions may also require an entrance exam or prior welding experience.


Completing these certificate programs typically opens eligibility to sit for the certification exam and become a certified welder.


Welding Associate Degree


For a comprehensive welding program, a Welding Associate Degree provides substantive theoretical knowledge and practical skills. Typically offered at community colleges and trade schools, this program lasts approximately two years.


Throughout the course, students are exposed to a host of welding facets including techniques, symbols, equipment usage, and safety procedures. Learning extends to working with diverse materials, such as stainless steel and sheet metal and includes training in Computer-aided Design (CAD) software to create and interpret welding blueprints.


One highlight of this degree is the scope for specialization in areas like robotics or automotive welding, enabling the development of niche expertise for better career prospects. Upon completion, graduates are well-prepared to take certification exams and transition into professional welders.


Bachelor’s Degree in Welding Engineering Technology


To further enhance welding skills, a Bachelor’s Degree in Welding Engineering Technology provides a deep understanding of welding practices, theories, and specialized applications. This extensive program generally requires four years to complete.


The program covers a broad spectrum of welding knowledge, including diverse techniques, symbols, safety procedures, and students gain hands-on experience with welding equipment to work with various materials.


Welding Master’s Degree


For a profound understanding of specialized welding applications, a Master’s Degree in Welding is geared towards forming experts in welding fields such as medical devices, marine welding, electronics, or aerospace welding.


The average timeline for a Master’s Degree in Welding is around 2 to 3 years. During this period, students undertake advanced coursework and research projects, providing in-depth knowledge in their chosen specialization. Graduates are then ideally positioned to lead the way in their respective areas and contribute at the forefront of welding innovations.


Guide to Obtaining a Welding License / Certification


The journey to becoming a certified welder involves acquiring a welding license. This qualification is crucial as it demonstrates your welding proficiency and expertise. Here are the steps to follow to get your welding license:

Welding License


1. Select a Certification Program


Firstly, conduct thorough research into certification programs offered by reputable organizations such as the American Welding Society (AWS) or the National Center for Construction Education and Research (NCCER). It’s essential to choose a program that aligns with your career aspirations and the welding specialization you intend to pursue.


2. Fulfill Eligibility Criteria


Each certification program comes with a unique set of eligibility requirements. Typically, prerequisites include demonstrating a particular level of experience and skill in welding. Some programs may also necessitate the completion of specific training courses or require an apprenticeship period prior to application for certification.


3. Enroll in a Welding Training Program


If you lack formal welding training, enrollment in a welding training program is a crucial step. Such programs provide extensive training in various welding techniques, safety protocols, and blueprint reading. The skills and knowledge acquired from these programs augment your chances of obtaining a welding license.


4. Accumulate Practical Welding Experience


Practical experience is paramount in mastering welding. Dedicate considerable time to gain hands-on experience and polish your skills by working on a variety of welding projects. Participating in an apprenticeship program or working under an experienced welder’s guidance can significantly contribute to your practical knowledge and readiness to obtain a welding license.


5. Prepare for the Certification Exam


Your selected certification program will likely include an exam to evaluate your welding skills and theoretical knowledge. To optimize your chances of success, familiarize yourself with the exam requirements, revise relevant welding concepts, and practice commonly assigned welding tasks. It’s crucial to become well-versed in the welding codes and standards specific to your chosen certification program.


6. Schedule and Sit the Exam


Once you feel fully prepared, schedule your welding certification exam. Ensure you are familiar with the exam venue, date, and any specific conditions stipulated by the certification program. On exam day, aim to arrive early, equipped with all necessary materials, and stay focused during both the practical and written components of the test.


7. Receive Your Welding License


Upon successfully passing the certification exam, you will be granted your welding license. This documentation, validating your welding expertise, opens the door to many career opportunities within the welding and fabrication sectors.


Welding Career Employment Opportunities in the Welding Industry 


The welding industry is diverse and offers a multitude of job opportunities across a broad range of sectors. The need for skilled welders is pronounced in industries such as construction, manufacturing, automotive, aerospace, energy, and shipbuilding.


1. Construction


In construction, welders are indispensable to the building process. Their primary tasks involve working on structural steel frameworks, pipelines, and bridges, assembling metal components together to guarantee the structural integrity and robustness of these constructions.


2. Manufacturing


Manufacturing is another sector heavily dependent on welders. They fabricate and assemble metal parts and components used across a spectrum of machinery, equipment, and consumer goods. This contribution significantly optimizes the production process.


The Bureau of Labor Statistics also forecasts a growing demand for welders, specifically in manufacturing plants that produce metal parts and involved in the fabrication of transportation equipment.


3. Automotive Industry


In the automotive industry, welders are instrumental in the assembly process. Their work to construct and weld parts is a critical step in vehicle manufacturing. Areas of focus include the assembly of body frames and engine parts to ensure vehicle durability and safety.


4. Aerospace Industry


The aerospace industry necessitates exacting standards of quality and safety, pointing to a significant role for welding. Tasks here entail fabricating and assembling critical components for aircraft, including the structures, engines, and fuel systems.


5. Energy Sector


The energy sector, particularly in oil and gas, employs welders for building pipelines, oil rigs, and refineries. The welders’ work ensures the integrity and safety of these crucial pieces of infrastructure through meticulous welding and inspection of all critical joins and connections.


6. Shipbuilding


Finally, shipbuilding holds another potential avenue for welding professionals. Here, their skills are directed at fabricating and assembling metal components in the construction of sea-worthy ships and vessels. Welders play an integral role in joining metal plates, frames, and pipe systems to create durable and reliable vessels.




The duration of welding training varies based on the educational path adopted. Prospective welders can choose the most suitable options according to their interests and career aspirations.


The welding training duration is determined by the chosen educational level. Whether opting for a certificate, associate’s, or bachelor’s program, acquiring formal training equips students with essential skills and knowledge for a successful career in welding.






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Workshop Insider

Founded on the core mission of connecting mechanical engineers globally to share knowledge and experience. Our Authors are qualified Mechanical Engineers, Marine Engineers, Welding Engineers "CSWIP Certified", Coating Inspectors "NACE CIP LII" & NDT Experts "ASNT NDT LIII Certified".
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